Terminology can vary, so always keep in mind the fundamental differences between the various types of residences. Here’s a quick summary to help you keep track:

Retirement Home

  • Privately owned residences
  • No government subsidies
  • Provides general services and personal care
    • Some included in monthly fee, some at additional cost
  • Regulated by RHRA
  • No CCAC referral required

Independent Living

  • Privately owned residences
  • No government subsidies
  • May provide general services
  • Does not provide personal care
  • Not regulated
  • No CCAC referral required

Supportive Housing

  • Owned by municipalities or non-profit organizations
  • Government subsidized
  • If eligible, receive 24-hour intermittent personal care at no charge
  • Suited for those who need mild to moderate care
  • CCAC referral required

Long-Term Care Home

  • Owned by municipalities, non-profit organizations, or privately owned
  • Government subsidized
  • Access to 24-hour intensive personal care
  • CCAC referral required

Memory Care

  • Available at certain retirement homes, and LTC homes
  • Specialized care including certain security measures